From Ransomware to Spyware: Understandi...
Intrusion Detection System (IDS): A system that monitors net..., short for malicious software, is a term used to describe a wide range of cyber threats that aim to disrupt, damage, or gain unauthorized access to computer systems. In this article, we will explore the different forms of malware, with a specific focus on Social Engineering: Manipulative tactics used to deceive peo... and spyware.
Ransomware is a type of malware that encrypts a victim’s files or locks their computer, demanding a ransom payment in exchange for restoring access to the data or system. It typically spreads through malicious links, email attachments, or Malvertising: Malicious online advertising that contains mal....
1.1 How Ransomware Works
When a user opens a malicious link or email attachment, the ransomware code is executed, allowing it to encrypt the victim’s files using a strong Public Key Infrastructure (PKI): A framework that manages di.... Once the files are encrypted, a Ransomware: A type of malicious software designed to block a... is displayed, providing instructions on how to pay the ransom and obtain the E2E Encryption (End-to-End Encryption): A system of communic... key.
1.2 Examples of Ransomware
Some notorious ransomware variants include WannaCry, Cryptolocker, and Locky. These malware strains have caused significant damage and financial losses to individuals and organizations around the world.
Spyware is a form of malware designed to secretly gather information about a person or organization without their consent. It can collect sensitive data such as Incognito Mode: A privacy setting in web browsers that preve..., browsing habits, or even keystrokes, which can then be used for malicious purposes.
2.1 How Spyware Works
Spyware often disguises itself as legitimate software or is bundled with other programs that users willingly install. Once installed, it runs silently in the background, Data Retention: Policies that determine how long data should... and transmitting GDPR (General Data Protection Regulation): A regulation intr... to remote servers. It may also track browsing behavior to deliver targeted advertisements.
2.2 Examples of Spyware
Common examples of spyware include keyloggers, Adware: Software that automatically displays or downloads ad..., and tracking cookies. These types of spyware often pose a significant threat to personal Tor (The Onion Router): Free software for enabling anonymous... and can lead to Remote Access Trojan (RAT): A type of malware that provides ... or financial fraud.
Understanding the different forms of malware is crucial for maintaining a secure digital environment. Ransomware and spyware are just two examples of the many malware variations that exist today. It is important to stay informed about the latest threats and take appropriate measures to protect our systems and data from these malicious actors.